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Associate Professor Le Li and the Collaborators from BNU Published a Paper in Neuropsychologia to Reveal the Neural Mechanism of Bilingual Control

time:2022-03-18 views:

The dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) are two main regions that

support bilingual language control during language production. Previous studies have suggested that the regions

work together in language control processes. However, how they cooperate with each other during bilingual

language production is far from clear. We addressed this issue by recruiting bimodal bilingual participants whose

two languages could be separated at a neural level. Functional magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired

from the participants as they performed a dual-language production task and a spoken-production task. Dynamic

causal modelling (DCM) was used to analyse the effective connectivity between the ACC and the DLPFC as well

as the causal relationships among the control regions and language regions. We found that the ACC had positive

effective connectivity to the DLPFC, left precentral gyrus and left superior temporal gyrus, while the DLPFC had

negative effective connectivity to the other three regions. A similar pattern of effective connectivity between the

control regions and language regions was also found in the spoken-production task. These results showed that the

ACC may promote the production of the target language, while the DLPFC has an inhibitory effect in language

production. The findings suggest an antagonistic relationship between the DLPFC and ACC that cooperatively

ensures fluent language production in bilinguals.

图1,DCM模型的构建。A:每对ROI 之间有效连接的四个可能的模式;B:双语任务的四个ROI的全连接模型;C:口语产生任务的三个ROI的全连接模型;D:每条有效连接受到口语条件和手语条件调节的四个可能的模式。biC双向连接,foC前向连接,baC反向连接,noC没有连接;boM连接受两个条件调节,spM口语条件调节,siM手语条件调节,noM不受调节。

Li, S., Li, L., Zou, L., Yan, X., Zhang, J., Yang, M., & Ding, G. (2022). "Antagonistic" cooperation of control regions in bilingual language production: An effective connectivity study. Neuropsychologia, 167, 108165.


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Li, L., Emmorey, K., Feng, X., Lu, C., Ding, C. (2016). Functional connectivity reveals which language the “control regions” control during bilingual production. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10, 1-13.